Having studied sports medicine, Dr. Pappas has been trained and certified to perform orthopedic surgery treatment and prevention plans for those participating in sports-related activities. Dr. Pappas is trained to treat complications such as muscle tears and strains, concussions, tendon and ligament damage, shin splints, sports hernias, fractures, and a variety of other conditions. In addition to his sports medicine and orthopedic surgery training, Dr. Pappas has also received extensive training and certification in arthroscopic surgery.
Arthroscopy is surgery that uses a tiny camera called an arthroscope to examine or repair the tissues inside or around your joint. The arthroscope is inserted through a small incision in your skin.
Arthroscopy may be recommended for these shoulder problems:
- Torn or damaged cartilage ring (labrum) or ligaments
- Shoulder instability, where the shoulder joint is loose and slides around too much or becomes dislocated (slips out of the ball and socket joint)
- Torn or damaged biceps tendon
- Torn rotator cuff
- Bone spur or inflammation around the rotator cuff
- Inflammation or damaged lining of the joint. Often this is caused by an illness, such as rheumatoid arthritis
- Arthritis of the end of the clavicle (collarbone)
- Loose tissue needing to be removed
- Shoulder impingement syndrome, to make more room for the shoulder to move around
Arthroscopy may be recommended for these knee problems:
- Torn meniscus. Meniscus is cartilage that cushions the space between the bones in the knee. Surgery is done to repair or remove it
- Torn or damaged anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), or medial collateral ligament (MCL)
- Swollen (inflamed) or damaged lining of the joint. This lining is called the synovium.
- Kneecap (patella) that is out of position (misalignment)
- Small pieces of broken cartilage in the knee joint
- Removal of Baker’s cyst. This is a swelling behind the knee that is filled with fluid. Sometimes the problem occurs when there is swelling and pain (inflammation) from other causes, like arthritis
- Some fractures of the bones of the knee